Coupling single molecule magnets to ferromagnetic substrates

A. Lodi Rizzini, C. Krull, T. Balashov, J. J. Kavich, A. Mugarza, P. S. Miedema, P. K. Thakur, V. Sessi, S. Klyatskaya, M. Ruben, S. Stepanow, P. Gambardella

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148 Citations (Scopus)


We investigate the interaction of TbPc2 single molecule magnets (SMMs) with ferromagnetic Ni substrates. Using element-resolved x-ray magnetic circular dichroism, we show that TbPc2 couples antiferromagnetically to Ni films through ligand-mediated superexchange. This coupling is strongly anisotropic and can be manipulated by doping the interface with electron acceptor or donor atoms. We observe that the relative orientation of the substrate and molecule anisotropy axes critically affects the SMM magnetic behavior. TbPc2 complexes deposited on perpendicularly magnetized Ni films exhibit enhanced magnetic remanence compared to SMMs in the bulk. Contrary to paramagnetic molecules pinned to a ferromagnetic support layer, we find that TbPc2 can be magnetized parallel or antiparallel to the substrate, opening the possibility to exploit SMMs in spin valve devices. © 2011 American Physical Society.
Original languageEnglish
Article number177205
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 19 Oct 2011


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