Cost-utility of a psychoeducational intervention in fibromyalgia patients compared with usual care: An economic evaluation alongside a 12-month randomized controlled trial

Juan V. Luciano*, Ramon Sabes-Figuera, Eugenia Cardeñosa, María T. Peñarrubia-María, Rita Fernández-Vergel, Javier García-Campayo, Martin Knapp, Antoni Serrano-Blanco

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine the effectiveness of adding psychoeducational treatment implemented in general practice to usual care for patients with fibromyalgia (FM), and to analyze the cost-utility of the intervention from health care and societal perspectives. Methods: Twelve-month randomized controlled trial. A total of 216 primary care patients meeting the American College of Rheumatology criteria for FM participated in the study. The intervention included 9, 2-hour sessions of psychoeducation (5 sessions of education about the illness + 4 sessions of autogenic relaxation) added to usual care provided by a multidisciplinary group in general practice was compared to usual care in the public health system. Results: At 12-month follow-up, patients who received psychoeducation showed greater improvement in global functional status (Cohen d = 0.36; -2.49 to 3.81), physical functioning (Cohen d = 0.56; 0.08 to 1.00), days feeling well (Cohen d = 0.40; -0.16 to 1.02), pain (Cohen d = 0.35; -0.04 to 0.80), morning fatigue (Cohen d = 0.24; -0.20 to 0.76), stiffness (Cohen d = 0.34; -0.10 to 0.87), and depression (Cohen d = 0.30; -0.26 to 0.93). Mean incremental cost per person receiving the intervention was €-215.49 (-615.13 to 287.81) from the health care perspective, and €-197.32 (-785.12 to 395.74) from the societal perspective. The incremental gain in quality-adjusted life-years per person was 0.12 (0.06 to 0.19), yielding a "dominant" intervention from both perspectives. The sensitivity analysis suggested that the intervention was cost-effective even imputing all missing data. Discussion: Our findings demonstrate the long-term clinical effectiveness of a psychoeducational treatment program for FM implemented at primary care level and the cost-utility from a health care and societal perspective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)702-711
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Journal of Pain
Volume29
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2013

Keywords

  • Cost-utility
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Psychoeducational treatment
  • Randomized controlled trial

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