Correlation between tuberculin skin test and IGRAs with risk factors for the spread of infection in close contacts with sputum smear positive in pulmonary tuberculosis

Maria L. De Souza-Galvão, Irene Latorre, Neus Altet-Gómez, María T. Jiménez-Fuentes, Celia Milà, Jordi Solsona, Maria A. Seminario, Adela Cantos, Juan Ruiz-Manzano, José Domínguez

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    Abstract

    Background: The aim of the study was to assess the correlation between the tuberculin skin test (TST) and in vitro interferon-gamma released assays (IGRAs) with risk factors for the spread of infection in smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) contacts.Methods: We recruited prospective contacts with smear positive pulmonary TB cases. We looked at human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and other conditions of immunosuppression, presence of BCG vaccination and the degree of exposure to the index case. Patients underwent the TST, chest radiography, sputum analysis when necessary, and IGRA assays (QFN-G-IT and T-SPOT.TB). Presence of cough, diagnostic delay (days between first symptoms and TB diagnostic), contact conditions: room size (square meters) and index of overcrowding (square meters per person) were investigated in the index case.Results: 156 contacts (119 adults, 37 children) of 66 TB patients were enrolled, 2.4 (1-14) contacts per TB case. The positivity of the TST did not correlate with the risk factors studied: presence of cough (p = 0.929); delayed diagnosis (p = 0.244); room size (p = 0.462); overcrowding (p = 0.800). Both QFN-G-IT and T-SPOT.TB, showed significant association with cough (p = 0.001, and p = 0.007) and room size (p = 0.020, and p = 0.023), respectively.Conclusions: Both IGRA associated better than TST with certain host-related risk factors involved in the transmission of disease, such as the presence of cough. © 2014 de Souza-Galvão et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number258
    JournalBMC Infectious Diseases
    Volume14
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 13 May 2014

    Keywords

    • Cough
    • Diagnostic delay
    • IGRA
    • Interferon gamma release assays
    • Overcrowding
    • Tuberculin skin test
    • Tuberculosis infection

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