© 2017 International Society of Blood Transfusion Background: Thromboelastometry may reduce red blood cell (RBC) transfusion in liver transplantation (LT). Fibrinogen concentration is a primary determinant of FIBTEM maximum clot firmness (MCF), but several factors could affect the correlation between FIBTEM MCF and fibrinogen values. We aimed to investigate (1) the concordance between fibrinogen level and FIBTEM MCF and (2) the association of fibrinogen level and FIBTEM MCF with RBC transfusion during LT. Methods: A post hoc analysis of data from a randomized, multicentre, double-blind, saline/fibrinogen trial was used (NCT01539057). A total of 86 adult patients were included. Results: The Lin concordance coefficient (LCC) between FIBTEM MCF and fibrinogen levels with the model formula 1·3679 + 0·05414* FIBTEM MCF was poor overall (LLC [95% CI]: 0·387 [0·340 to 0·432]) and moderate for the preperfusion period (LLC [95% CI]: 0·789 [0·747 to 0·824]), but very poor for the postreperfusion period (LLC [95% CI] 0·170 [0·105 to 0·233]). The model assessed for RBC transfusion for FIBTEM MCF showed an area under the curve of 0·788 [0·745-0·832]. Patients with FIBTEM MCF values <8 mm had a significantly higher likelihood of receiving RBC than patients with higher values. (OR [95% CI]: 2·08 [1·30-3·33], P = 0·002). FIBTEM MCF values over 10 mm do not appear to reduce the likelihood of RBC transfusion. Conclusion: FIBTEM MCF is not a good indicator of plasma fibrinogen values after graft reperfusion. FIBTEM MCF >8 mm during the LT procedure is associated with less RBC transfusion. FIBTEM MCF values over 10 mm could lead to unnecessary fibrinogen administration.
- coagulation factor concentrate