Correlates of intensive alcohol and drug use in men who have sex with men in Catalonia, Spain

Cinta Folch, Anna Esteve, Kati Zaragoza, Rafa Muñoz, Jordi Casabona

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The objectives of the study were to determine the prevalence of alcohol and drug use before or during sex among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Catalonia during 2006, and to identify factors associated with variables of intensive alcohol and drug use. Methods: Cross-sectional study using self-administered questionnaires. Men were recruited in saunas, sex shops, bars and a public park and by mail to all the members of the Catalonia Gay Federation. Results: 19.6 of men said they were frequent users of alcohol, some type of drug (21.7), or that they were multidrug users (18) in the last 12 months. The multivariate analysis showed an association between having suffered discrimination and frequent alcohol and multidrug use. Being human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive was associated with frequent use of drugs and multidrug use. Associations between substance use and sexual risk behaviour also emerged. Conclusion: The high percentage of MSM who use alcohol and drugs before and during sex and association between these substances and sexual risk behaviours reveals the need to intensify interventions to reduce their levels of use and/or to reduce the associated damage and risks. These programs must try to cover MSM-specific psychosocial aspects and include prevention for HIV-positive men.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-145
JournalEuropean Journal of Public Health
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2010


  • HIV
  • Men who have sex with men
  • Sexual risk behaviour
  • Sexually transmitted infections
  • Substance use


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