Core content for undergraduate medical education in Spain: Recommendations of the instructors' group of the Spanish Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (AEDV)

J. M. Casanova, R. M. Pujol, C. Ferrándiz, I. Betlloch, R. J. Bosch, V. Fernández, R. M. Martí, L. Requena, J. C. Moreno, V. Alegre, J. J. Vilata, N. Vilar, P. Jaén, I. Bielsa, I. Querol, T. Azón, L. Borrego, J. M. Mascaró, M. Alsina, R. M. DíazR. Suarez, M. García-Bustinduy, V. García-Patos, T. Estrach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

© 2015 AEDV. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved. Background Skin problems are among the most frequent reasons for seeking medical attention in primary care. In recent years, as a result of the process of adapting medical curricula to the requirements of the European Higher Education Area, the amount of time students spend learning the concepts of dermatology has been reduced in many universities. Material and methods In order to reach a consensus on core content for undergraduate education in dermatology, we sent a survey to the 57 members of the instructors' group of the Spanish Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (AEDV), asking their opinions on what objectives should be set for a dermatology course in Spain. A total of 131 previously selected objectives were listed. We then applied the Delphi method to achieve consensus on which ones the respondents considered important or very important (score ≥ 4 on a Likert scale). Results Nineteen responses (33%) were received. On the second round of the Delphi process, 68 objectives achieved average scores of at least 4. The respondents emphasized that graduates should understand the structure and functions of the skin and know about bacterial, viral, and fungal skin infections, the most common sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and the 4 main inflammatory dermatoses. Students should also learn about common complaints, such as itching and bald patches; the management of dermatologic emergencies; purpura and erythema nodosum as signs of internal disease; and the prevention of STDs and skin cancer. During clinical clerkships students should acquire the communication skills they will need to interview patients, write up a patient's medical history, and refer the patient to a specialist. Conclusions The AEDV's group of instructors have defined their recommendations on the core content that medical faculties should adopt for the undergraduate subject of dermatology in Spain.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-132
JournalActas Dermo-Sifiliograficas
Volume107
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2016

Keywords

  • Core content
  • Delphi method
  • Dermatology
  • Medical education
  • Undergraduate

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