Contribution of the normal component to the thermal resistance of turbulent liquid helium

L. Saluto, D. Jou, M. S. Mongiovì

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2015, Springer Basel. Previous results for the velocity profile of the normal component of helium II in counterflow are used to evaluate the viscous contribution to the effective thermal resistance. It turns out that such a contribution becomes considerably higher than the usual Landau estimate, because in the presence of vortices, the velocity profile is appreciably different from the Poiseuille parabolic profile. Thus, a marked increase in the contribution of the normal component to the thermal resistance with respect to the viscous Landau estimate does not necessarily imply that the normal component is turbulent. Furthermore, we examine the influence of a possible slip flow along the walls when the radius of the tube becomes comparable with the phonon mean free path; this implies a reduction of the thermal resistance with respect to that obtained for nonslip boundary conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1853-1870
JournalZeitschrift fur Angewandte Mathematik und Physik
Volume66
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Aug 2015

Keywords

  • Normal component
  • Quantum turbulence
  • Superfluid helium
  • Thermal resistance

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