The role of each residue of the potato carboxypeptidase inhibitor (PCI) C-terminal tail, in the interaction with carboxypeptidase A (CPA), has been studied by the analysis of two main kinds of site-directed mutants: the point substitution of each C-terminal residue by glycine and the sequential deletions of the C-terminal residues. The mutant PCI-CPA interactions have been characterized by the measurement of their inhibition constant, K(i), in several cases, by their kinetic association and dissociation constants determined by presteady-state analysis, and by computational approaches. The role of Pro36 appears to be mainly the restriction of the mobility of the PCI C-tail. In addition, and unexpectedly, both Gly35 and Pro36 have been found to be important for folding of the protein core. Val38 has the greatest enthalpic contribution to the PCI-CPA interaction. Although Tyr37 has a minor contribution to the binding energy of the whole inhibitor, it has been found to be essential for the interaction with the enzyme following the cleavage of the C-terminal Gly39 by CPA. The energetic contribution of the PCI secondary binding site has been evaluated to be about half of the total free energy of dissociation of the PCI-CPA complex.
|Journal||European Journal of Biochemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 22 Mar 2000|
- Enzyme-inhibitor complex
- Inhibition kinetics
- Mutational analysis
- Potato carboxypeptidase inhibitor