Continuous treatment of non-sterile hospital wastewater by Trametes versicolor: How to increase fungal viability by means of operational strategies and pretreatments

J. A. Mir-Tutusaus, M. Sarrà, G. Caminal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2016 Elsevier B.V. Hospital wastewaters have a high load of pharmaceutical active compounds (PhACs). Fungal treatments could be appropriate for source treatment of such effluents but the transition to non-sterile conditions proved to be difficult due to competition with indigenous microorganisms, resulting in very short-duration operations. In this article, coagulation-flocculation and UV-radiation processes were studied as pretreatments to a fungal reactor treating non-sterile hospital wastewater in sequential batch operation and continuous operation modes. The influent was spiked with ibuprofen and ketoprofen, and both compounds were successfully degraded by over 80%. UV pretreatment did not extent the fungal activity after coagulation-flocculation measured as laccase production and pellet integrity. Sequential batch operation did not reduce bacteria competition during fungal treatment. The best strategy was the addition of a coagulation-flocculation pretreatment to a continuous reactor, which led to an operation of 28 days without biomass renovation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)561-570
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume318
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2016

Keywords

  • Fungal bioreactor
  • Hospital wastewater
  • Non-sterile
  • Pharmaceutical active compounds
  • Pretreatment

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