Consumption of raw potato starch increases colon length and fecal excretion of purine bases in growing pigs

Daniel Martinez-Puig, José Francisco Pérez, Marisol Castillo, Anna Andaluz, Montserrat Anguita, Joaquin Morales, Josep Gasa

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54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Male growing pigs were fed a diet containing 250 g/kg of native corn starch (CS; 26% amylose, 74% amylopectin) or 250 g/kg of raw potato starch (RPS), as examples of digestible starch and resistant starch (Type II), respectively. Whole-tract digestibilities of organic matter, crude protein and starch were greater in pigs fed CS than in those fed RPS through at least d 23 of the study. However, the values progressively increased in the RPS-fed pigs up to d 38, at which time the groups did not differ in organic matter and starch digestibility. The digestive tract and colonic digesta were heavier and colon length longer in pigs fed the RPS diet. Digestibility of starch in the ileum on d 38 was significantly lower in RPS-fed pigs, but rose from ileum to rectum; most starch was extensively fermented in the cecum and proximal colon. Purine base (PB) and short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) concentrations in feces initially increased and then decreased beginning on d 4 for PB and on d 21 for SCFA. PB concentration in feces was greater in pigs fed RPS than in those fed CS. In the large bowel digesta, PB and SCFA concentrations increased from the ileum to the cecum and proximal colon and then fell in the distal colon. Pigs fed the RPS diet had a higher PB concentration in the middle colonic digesta and a greater SCFA concentration in the proximal colonic digesta than the CS-fed group. Adaptation of growing pigs to supplementary RPS required 5 wk, as reflected by whole-tract digestibility and PB and SCFA fecal excretion data.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-139
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume133
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2003

Keywords

  • Fermentation
  • Growing pigs
  • Resistant starch
  • Short-chain fatty acids

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