Considerations on the thermal equilibrium between matter and the cosmic horizon

José Pedro Mimoso, Diego Pavón

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23 Citations (Scopus)


© 2016 American Physical Society. A common feature in the thermodynamic analysis of homogeneous and isotropic world models is the assumption that the temperature of the fluids inside the cosmic horizon (including dark energy) coincides with the temperature of the latter, whether it be either the event or the apparent horizon. We examine up to what extent this assumption may be justified, given that these temperatures evolve under different time-temperature laws. We argue that while radiation cannot reach thermal equilibrium with the horizon, nonrelativistic matter may, and dark energy might though only approximately.
Original languageEnglish
Article number103507
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016


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