Conflicts at sea between artisanal and industrial fishers: Inter-sectoral interactions and dispute resolution in Senegal

Carolyn DuBois, Christos Zografos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Conflicts between artisanal and industrial fishermen-targeting increasingly scarce resources in Senegal-are posing a serious threat to human security and are only symbolically addressed by the country's fisheries governance regime. Severely outmatched in terms of political influence and size, artisanal fishermen are more vulnerable to the fallout of conflicts at sea. The loss of fishing materials threatens the livelihoods of fishermen and their families; collisions and violence between members of the two sectors often result in injury and death. This study examines at-sea interactions between Senegal's artisanal and industrial sectors and the formal and informal mechanisms in place for managing them. Conflictive interactions are found to co-exist alongside cooperative ones and both emerge in response to changes in marine resource abundance and management. Formal systems in place to mediate at-sea conflicts are ineffective and seldom used by artisanal fishermen, who either accept their losses, attempt to informally resolve conflicts with industrial actors or resort to violence. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1211-1220
JournalMarine Policy
Volume36
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2012

Keywords

  • Artisanal-industrial conflict
  • Conflict management
  • Fisheries conflicts
  • Safety at sea
  • Small-scale fisheries
  • West Africa

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