Conceptual and methodological aspects in the study of hospitalizations for ambulatory care sensitive conditions

Fúlvio Borges Nedel, Luiz Augusto Facchini, João Luiz Bastos, Miguel Martín-Mateo

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    16 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Hospitalization rates for Ambulatory Care Sensitive Conditions have been used to assess effectiveness of the first level of health care. From a critical analysis of related concepts, we discuss principlesfor selecting a list of codes and, taking the example of the Brazilian Family Health Program, propose a methodological pathway for identifying variables in order to inform statistical models of analysis. We argue that for the indicator to be comparable between regions, disease codes should be selected based on sensitivity and specificity principles, not on observed disease frequency. Rates of hospitalization will be determined, at a distal level, by the socio-economic environment and their effect on the social and demographic structure. Timely and effective care depends on the organization of health services, their availability and access barriers, which depend on the ways health and related technology are conceptualised and on their adherence to the biomedical model or to the Primary Health Care (PHC) principles; performance indicators of the health system will be the proximal determinants. This indicator is potentially useful for primary care evaluation. The historical reconstruction of PHC improves the analysis of the indicator variability.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1145-1154
    JournalCiencia e Saude Coletiva
    Volume16
    Issue numberSUPPL. 1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 12 May 2011

    Keywords

    • Family health program
    • Health systems
    • Hospital information systems
    • Outcome assessment (health care)
    • Primary health care

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