Many quantities that are standardly used to characterize a chemical system are related to free-energy differences between particular states of the system. By statistical mechanics, free-energy differences may be expressed in terms of averages over ensembles of atomic configurations for the molecular system of interest. Here, we review the most useful formulae to calculate free-energy differences from ensembles generated by molecular simulation, illustrate a number of recent developments, and highlight practical aspects of such calculations with examples selected from the literature.
|Journal||Helvetica Chimica Acta|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2002|