Compulsive buying behavior: Clinical comparison with other behavioral addictions

Roser Granero, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Trevor Steward, Marta Baño, Amparo del Pino-Gutiérrez, Laura Moragas, Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Neus Aymamí, Mónica Gómez-Peña, Salomé Tárrega, José M. Menchón, Susana Jiménez-Murcia

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Abstract

© 2016 Granero, Fernández-Aranda, Mestre-Bach, Steward, Baño, del Pino-Gutiérrez, Moragas, Mallorquí-Bagué, Aymamí, Gómez-Peña, Tárrega, Menchón and Jiménez-Murcia. Compulsive buying behavior (CBB) has been recognized as a prevalent mental health disorder, yet its categorization into classification systems remains unsettled. The objective of this study was to assess the sociodemographic and clinic variables related to the CBB phenotype compared to other behavioral addictions. Three thousand three hundred and twenty four treatment-seeking patients were classified in five groups: CBB, sexual addiction, Internet gaming disorder, Internet addiction, and gambling disorder. CBB was characterized by a higher proportion of women, higher levels of psychopathology, and higher levels in the personality traits of novelty seeking, harm avoidance, reward dependence, persistence, and cooperativeness compared to other behavioral addictions. Results outline the heterogeneity in the clinical profiles of patients diagnosed with different behavioral addiction subtypes and shed new light on the primary mechanisms of CBB.
Original languageEnglish
Article number914
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume7
Issue numberJUN
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2016

Keywords

  • Behavioral addictions
  • Compulsive buying behavior
  • Gambling disorder
  • Internet addiction
  • Internet gaming disorder
  • Sex addiction

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    Granero, R., Fernández-Aranda, F., Mestre-Bach, G., Steward, T., Baño, M., del Pino-Gutiérrez, A., Moragas, L., Mallorquí-Bagué, N., Aymamí, N., Gómez-Peña, M., Tárrega, S., Menchón, J. M., & Jiménez-Murcia, S. (2016). Compulsive buying behavior: Clinical comparison with other behavioral addictions. Frontiers in Psychology, 7(JUN), [914]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00914