For any simply connected domain Ω, we prove that a Littlewood type inequality is necessary for boundedness of composition operators on H p(Ω), 1 ≤ p < ∞, whenever the symbols are finitely-valent. Moreover, the corresponding "little-oh" condition is also necessary for the compactness. Nevertheless, it is shown that such an inequality is not sufficient for characterizing bounded composition operators even induced by univalent symbols. Furthermore, such inequality is no longer necessary if we drop the extra assumption on the symbol of being finitely-valent. In particular, this solves a question posed by Shapiro and Smith (2003). Finally, we show a striking link between the geometry of the underlying domain Ω and the symbol inducing the composition operator in Hp(Ω), and in this sense, we relate both facts characterizing bounded and compact composition operators whenever Ω is a Lavrentiev domain. © 2007 American Mathematical Society.
|Journal||Transactions of the American Mathematical Society|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2008|
- Composition operator
- Lavrentiev domain
- Nevanlinna counting function