Compliance with the document of the spanish society of nephrology 2002 document for the control of diabetic nephropathy in catalonia (ECCODIAB)

Néstor Fontseré, J. Bonal, F. Torres, X. De Las Cuevas, J. Fort

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the level of compliance with the 2002 consensus document (Spanish Society of Nephrology) on guidelines for the detection, prevention and treatment of diabetic nephropathy in Catalonia. Subjects and methods: Multicenter (23 hospitals), observational, cross-sectional, descriptive study conducted in 413 diabetic patients (61.7% men, 38.3% women) with a median age of 66.2 ± 11.5 years (26-93 years). The ANOVA test (post-hoc analysis; p value < 0.05) was used to study the relationships between the stages of diabetic nephropathy and different variables. Results: 90.3% of the patients had type 2 DM. The following anthropometric parameters were observed: BMI 29.8 ± 5 kg/m2 (BMI > 30 kg/m2: 48.7%) and waist circumference 104.1 ± 14 cm (48.6% men > 102 cm and 78.9% women > 88 cm). Serum creatinine 1.9 ± 1.3 mg/dl and simplified MDRD equation 45.3 ± 25.0 ml/min/1.73 m2 [65.8% with CKD stages 3 and 4]. 80% of patients had ophthalmologic examination and 52.8% antiplatelet treatment. Hb A1c was 7.3 ± 1.3%, but the percentage of patients with glycated hemoglobin > 7% and 8% was 54.9 and 28.6% [only 50.2% had been seen by an endocrinologist in the last 6 months]. 52.8% of patients were treated with insulin and 44.1% with anti-diabetic drugs, although only 19.6% used the new anti-diabetic drugs. 61% of patients had an LDLc > 100 mg/dl (61% treated) and 44% had triglycerides (TG) > 150 mg/dl (72% treated). 95% of patients presented with hypertension (BP ≥ 130/80 mmHg), 91% were undergoing antihypertensive treatment (79.7% with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and / or angiotensin receptor blockers). 81% with microalbuminuria and 78% with established proteinuria were receiving antiproteinuric treatment. Of the patients considered to be refractory to BP (>3 drugs), only 28.9% underwent ambulatory BP monitoring. Significant differences were observed between stages of diabetic nephropathy and glycated hemoglobin (HBA1c; p = 0.048), systolic blood pressure (SBP; p = 0.024), lipidic control (HDLc; p = 0.015 and TG; p = 0.034), anemia (Hb; p = 0.010) and CKD (creatinine and sMDRD; p = 0.000). The levels of compliance with the therapeutic objectives regarding lipid control (LDL ≤ 100 mg/dl and TG ≤ 150 mg/dl), BP ≤ 130/80 mmHg and HbA1c ≤ 7% were 1 objective: 68%, 2 objectives: 21.8% and 3 objectives: only 4% of patients. Conclusions: According to the results of our study, only a reduced proportion of patients fulfilled the different therapeutic end-points indicated. Future measures will be directed at improving physician-patient relationships with the main aim of intensifying the therapeutic measures to attain better metabolic and blood pressure control, nephroprotection and prevention in the appearance of cardiovascular events.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)679-687
JournalNefrologia
Volume26
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2006

Keywords

  • 2002 diabetes consensus document
  • Blood pressure
  • Diabetic patients
  • Glycated hemoglobin
  • Lipidic control
  • Nephroprotection

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