A new topology for the design of microstrip microwave diplexers, based on the use of quasi-lumped resonators, is presented. Specifically, the receiver (Rx) and transmitter (Tx) filters of the diplexer are implemented by etching complementary split ring resonators (CSRRs) in the ground plane as well as series capacitive gaps and shunt inductive strips in the upper metal level. By this means, narrowband microwave diplexers with transmission zeros can be synthesised, which allow for the improvement of Rx/Tx isolation. A prototype device operative in the 2.4-3.0 GHz frequency band is presented. Measured insertion losses are lower than 2 dB while the isolation between Rx/Tx channels is in the vicinity of 40 dB. Diplexer dimensions (29.8 x 16.3 mm), which are small on account of the semi-lumped resonators employed, and performance point to the practical application of these structures in communication transceiver front-ends. © IEE 2005.