Competing interfacial exchange and zeeman energies in exchange biased bilayers

Josep Nogues Sanmiquel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

83 Citations (Scopus)


The exchange bias in antiferromagnet (Formula presented)/ferromagnet (Fe) bilayers has been studied as a function of temperature, cooling field, and interfacial roughness. Positive exchange bias is observed under certain conditions, along with a nonmonotonic roughness dependence. The unusual cooling field dependence can be understood within a simple model in which the exchange bias is determined by a competition between a roughness-dependent average exchange energy and a Zeeman energy for the antiferromagnet surface spins. Our results are consistent with the existence of a domain wall parallel to the interface in the Fe layer, contrary to earlier theoretical models. © 1999 The American Physical Society.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12837-12840
JournalPhysical Review B-Condensed Matter
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 1999


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