Comparison of three assays for the evaluation of specific cellular immunity to Leishmania infantum in dogs

Hugo Fernández-Bellon, Laia Solano-Gallego, Alhelí Rodríguez, Victor P.M.G. Rutten, Aad Hoek, Antonio Ramis, Jordi Alberola, Lluís Ferrer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cellular immune response to Leishmania plays a key role in canine leishmaniosis. However, there are few assays to evaluate this response in the dog. Here, we evaluated and compared three assays of specific cellular immune response to Leishmania infantum in dogs: the leishmanin skin test (LST), lymphocyte proliferation assay (LPA) and IFN-γ cytopathic effect inhibition bioassay (IFNB). Fifty-six healthy dogs from an endemic area for leishmaniosis on the island of Mallorca were studied. In all, 37 dogs showed a positive LST and 32 a positive IFNB, 24 were positive for both assays. The 17 dogs positive for LPA also gave positive results for either LST or IFNB, or both. These findings indicate that although LST is the method of choice, IFNB is a complementary test. Therefore, both assays should be performed and analyzed jointly. In comparison with LST and IFNB, LPA is much less sensitive, and yields many false negative results. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-169
JournalVeterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Volume107
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2005

Keywords

  • Cellular immune response
  • Dog
  • Interferon-γ
  • Leishmania infantum
  • Leishmanin skin test
  • Lymphocyte proliferation

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