Comparison of Rotterdam and Barcelona Magnetic Resonance Imaging Risk Calculators for Predicting Clinically Significant Prostate Cancer

Juan Morote Robles, Ángel Borque-Fernando, Marina Triquell, Miriam Campistol, Pol Servian, Jose Maria Abascal, Jacques Planas, Olga Méndez Fernández, Luis M. Esteban, Enrique Trilla Herrera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


Background: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based risk calculators (MRI-RCs) individualise the likelihood of clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa) and improve candidate selection for prostate biopsy beyond the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS). Objective: To compare the Barcelona (BCN) and Rotterdam (ROT) MRI-RCs in an entire population and according to the PI-RADS categories. Design, setting, and participants: A prospective comparison of BCN- and ROT-RC in 946 men with suspected prostate cancer in whom systematic biopsy was performed, as well as target biopsies of PI-RADS ≥3 lesions. Outcome measurements and statistical analysis: Saved biopsies and undetected csPCa (grade group ≥2) were determined. Results and limitations: The csPCa detection was 40.8%. The median risks of csPCa from BCN- and ROT-RC were, respectively, 67.1% and 25% in men with csPCa, whereas 10.5% and 3% in those without csPCa (p < 0.001). The areas under the curve were 0.856 and 0.844, respectively (p = 0.116). BCN-RC showed a higher net benefit and clinical utility over ROT-RC. Using appropriate thresholds, respectively, 75% and 80% of biopsies were needed to identify 50% of csPCa detected in men with PI-RADS <3, whereas 35% and 21% of biopsies were saved, missing 10% of csPCa detected in men with PI-RADS 3. BCN-RC saved 15% of biopsies, missing 2% of csPCa in men with PI-RADS 4, whereas ROT-RC saved 10%, missing 6%. No RC saved biopsies without missing csPCa in men with PI-RADS 5. Conclusions: ROT-RC provided a lower and narrower range of csPCa probabilities than BCN-RC. BCN-RC showed a net benefit over ROT-RC in the entire population. However, BCN-RC was useful in men with PI-RADS 3 and 4, whereas ROT-RC was useful only in those with PI-RADS 3. No RC seemed to be helpful in men with negative MRI and PI-RADS 5. Patient summary: Barcelona risk calculator was more helpful than Rotterdam risk calculator to select candidates for prostate biopsy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-54
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Urology, Supplements
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023


  • Clinically significant
  • Early detection
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Predictive model
  • Prostate cancer
  • Risk calculator


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