© 2017 Elsevier B.V. The detection of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) in oral fluids (OF) by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) is gaining increasing popularity. However, the different steps leading to a result have not been extensively evaluated. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect on the performance of qRT-PCR with different sampling materials, conditions of storage of the OF, the need for centrifuging OF, as well as to compare RNA extraction methods and PCR mixes. For the assays, pen-based oral fluids were used, which were pooled and spiked in a serial dilution (up to genotype 100 TCID50/mL) of type 1 PRRSV isolate 3267. Centrifugation at 15,000g for 15 min resulted in an increase in sensitivity (1-2 PCR cycles) that was significant (P< 0.05) at the lowest dilution tested. The TRIzol and MagMAX RNA extraction methods gave the maximum sensitivity, lowest threshold cycle (Ct), at equivalent virus concentrations. The AgPath-ID One-Step RT-PCR Kit PCR mix reagents were more sensitive for the detection of PRRSV using a purified plasmid as standard, but LSI VetMAX PRRSV EU/NA PRRSV reagents resulted in a slightly better sensitivity with OF (p < 0.05). The present results may be useful to standardize protocols for optimizing detection of type 1 PRRSV in OF by qRT-PCR.
- Oral fluids
- Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus
- RNA extraction