SETTING: Little is still known about the epidemiology and pathogenesis of Mycobacterium avium subsp avium (MASA) infection. OBJECTIVE: Examination of the reproducibility and the stability over time of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and IS1245 restriction fragment length polymorphism (IS1245-RFLP) techniques. The ability of these typing systems for differentiating clinical isolates of MASA was also assessed. DESIGN: Clinical isolates recovered from 63 patients (59 human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] positive and four HIV-negative) were studied by insertion sequence IS1245 and PFGE. For the study of in vivo and in vitro stability, strains collected over time from four patients and five strains chosen at random, respectively, were used. RESULTS: The stability of PFGE and IS1245-RFLP in vitro was excellent. PFGE was also stable in vivo, but IS1245-RFLP patterns showed some variation. The discriminatory power of IS1245-RFLP and PFGE was 0.995 and 0.989, respectively. The cluster analysis did not reveal differences between strains recovered from HIV-negative and HIV-positive patients or between patients with colonisation, local infection or disseminated disease. CONCLUSION: IS1245-RFLP and PFGE are useful tools for typing MASA strains. However, IS1245 variations in vivo may complicate the analysis of epidemiological relationships.
|Journal||International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease|
|Publication status||Published - 1 May 2000|
- M. avium