Reprogramming of differentiated nuclei into a totipotent embryonic state following somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) is not efficient. Previous studies in the hybrid B6D2F1 mouse strain revealed that a transient treatment of the SCNT embryos with the histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi) trichostatin A (TSA) significantly enhance the potential of the cloned embryos to develop in vitro and to term. Here, we compare two different SCNT protocols with TSA and explore, for the first time, the effect of another HDACi, valproic acid (VPA), on the in vitro development, blastocyst quality, and full-term development of mouse B6CBAF1 cloned embryos. Rates of blastocyst development in SCNT embryos treated with either 5nM TSA during and after activation (31.8%) or with 100nM TSA or 2mM VPA before and during activation (34.5 and 38.3%, respectively) were clearly superior to those of nontreated SCNT embryos (22.9-25.1%). These increased in vitro development rates of the HDACi-treated embryos were correlated with an increased level of histone H3 lysine 14 acetylation and an improved blastocyst quality, as judged by the increased number of total and ICM cells in comparison to the nontreated embryos (30-35% increase). Treatment of SCNT embryos with TSA or VPA also allowed the obtention of viable cloned mice, whereas none could be produced from untreated SCNT embryos. In conclusion, we have demonstrated for the first time that VPA can improve the in vitro and full-term development of B6CBAF1 SCNT embryos, at a similar level as TSA. Our findings may open new opportunities to improve cloning efficiencies in other mouse strains or species. © 2010, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Costa-Borges, N., Santaló, J., & Ibáñez, E. (2010). Comparison between the effects of valproic acid and trichostatin a on the in vitro development, blastocyst quality, and full-term development of mouse somatic cell nuclear transfer embryos. Cellular Reprogramming, 12(4), 437-446. https://doi.org/10.1089/cell.2009.0108