The objective of this study was to compare the embryo development of prepubertal goat oocytes after ICSI and IVF procedures. Three experiments were carried out to achieve this objective. (1) An analysis of the efficiency of ICSI with or without chemical stimulation (5 μM ionomycin for 5 min and 2 mM 6-DMAP for 4 h). In this experiment, Sham and parthenogenetic oocyte groups were used as controls. (2) According to the results from experiment 1, we investigated the nuclear stage of zygotes obtained with ICSI and IVF, and their further embryo development. (3) We compared two embryo culture media (G1.3/G2.3 and TCM199 with granulosa cells) on the embryo development of zygotes obtained from ICSI and IVF procedures. Experiment 1 demonstrated that prepubertal goat oocytes needed additional chemical stimulation, after conventional ICSI, to form zygotes with male and female pronuclei (2PN). Experiment 2 showed that significantly higher percentages of -zygotes were found in ICSI-oocytes than IVF-oocytes (40.0 and 25.1%, respectively; P < 0.005). The percentage of embryos obtained and developed beyond the 8-cell stage was significantly higher for ICSI than for IVF and parthenogenetic embryos (22.8, 10.3 and 3.8%, respectively; P < 0.05). Experiment 3 showed that G1.3/G2.3 medium improved the embryo development of ICSI- and IVF-oocytes compared to co-culture with granulosa cells in TCM medium. The highest percentage of embryo development beyond 8-16 cells was found in ICSI-oocytes cultured in G1.3/G2.3 medium. However, a reduced number of morulae were found in this study. © 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Oct 2005|