Comparing Wigner, Husimi and Bohmian distributions: which one is a true probability distribution in phase space?

E. Colomés, Z. Zhan, X. Oriols

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York. The Wigner distribution function is a quasi-probability distribution. When properly integrated, it provides the correct charge and current densities, but it gives negative probabilities in some points and regions of the phase space. Alternatively, the Husimi distribution function is positive-defined everywhere, but it does not provide the correct charge and current densities. The origin of all these difficulties is the attempt to construct a phase space within a quantum theory that does not allow well-defined (i.e. simultaneous) values of the position and momentum of an electron. In contrast, within the (de Broglie–Bohm) Bohmian theory of quantum mechanics, an electron has well-defined position and momentum. Therefore, such theory provides a natural definition of the phase space probability distribution and by construction, it is positive-defined and it exactly reproduces the charge and current densities. The Bohmian distribution function has many potentialities for quantum problems, in general, and for quantum transport, in particular, that remains unexplored.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)894-906
JournalJournal of Computational Electronics
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Dec 2015

Keywords

  • Bohmian distribution
  • Husimi distribution
  • Phase space
  • Wigner distribution

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