Comparative study of stress and immune-related transcript outcomes triggered by Vibrio anguillarum bacterin and air exposure stress in liver and spleen of gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata), zebrafish (Danio rerio) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

Ali Reza Khansari, Joan Carles Balasch, Eva Vallejos-Vidal, Mariana Teles, Camino Fierro-Castro, Lluis Tort, Felipe E. Reyes-López

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2018 The stress and immune-related effects of short-term (1, 6 and 24 h) air exposure stress (1 min), bath vaccination with Vibrio anguillarum bacterin, and both stressors combined were evaluated in liver and spleen of Sparus aurata, Danio rerio and Onchorhynchus mykiss. Expression profiles of immune (interleukin 1 beta: il1β; tumor necrosis factor alpha: tnfα; interleukin 10: il10; tumor growth factor beta: tgfβ1; immunoglobulin M: igm; lysozyme: lys; complement protein c3: c3) and stress-related genes (glucocorticoid receptor: gr; heat shock protein 70: hsp70; and enolase) were analysed by RT-qPCR. Cortisol level was assessed by radioimmunoassay. The gene expression patterns in liver and spleen were found to be differentially regulated in a time- and organ-dependent manner among species. In seabream, a higher il1β-driven inflammatory response was recorded. In zebrafish, air exposure stress but not bath vaccination alone modulated most of the changes in liver and spleen immune transcripts. Stressed and vaccinated trout showed an intermediate pattern of gene expression, with a lower upregulation of immune-related genes in liver and the absence of changes in the expression of hsp70 and enolase in spleen (as it was observed in seabream but not in zebrafish). Following air exposure, cortisol levels increased in plasma 1 h post-stress (hps) and then decreased at 6 hps in O. mykiss and D. rerio. By contrast, in S.aurata the cortisol level remained higher at 6 hps suggesting a greater degree of responsiveness to this stressor. When fish were exposed to combined air exposure plus bath vaccination cortisol levels were also augmented at 1 and 6 hps in O. mykiss and S.aurata and restored to basal level at 24 hps, whereas in D. rerio the response was higher in response to the combination of both stressors. In addition, V. anguillarum bacterin vaccination triggered cortisol secretion only in D. rerio, suggesting a greater responsiveness of D. rerio hypothalamic-pituitary-interrenal axis. Overall, comparing the tissue transcription responsiveness, liver was found to be more implicated in the response to handling stress compared to spleen. These results also indicate that a species-specific response accounts for the deviations of stress and immune onset in the liver and spleen in these fish species.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)436-448
JournalFish and Shellfish Immunology
Volume86
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019

Keywords

  • Cortisol
  • Gene expression
  • Immune response
  • Seabream
  • Stress
  • Systemic response
  • Trout
  • Vibrio anguillarum
  • Zebrafish

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