Comparative study of peripheral neuropathy and nerve regeneration in NOD and ICR diabetic mice

Judit Homs, Lorena Ariza, Gemma Pagès, Enrique Verdú, Laura Casals, Esther Udina, Miguel Chillón, Assumpció Bosch, Xavier Navarro

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17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The non-obese diabetic (NOD) mouse was suggested as an adequate model for diabetic autonomic neuropathy. We evaluated sensory-motor neuropathy and nerve regeneration following sciatic nerve crush in NOD males rendered diabetic by multiple low doses of streptozotocin, in comparison with similarly treated Institute for Cancer Research (ICR) mice, a widely used model for type I diabetes. Neurophysiological values for both strains showed a decline in motor and sensory nerve conduction velocity at 7 and 8 weeks after induction of diabetes in the intact hindlimb. However, amplitudes of compound muscle and sensory action potentials (CMAPs and CNAPs) were significantly reduced in NOD but not in ICR diabetic mice. Morphometrical analysis showed myelinated fiber loss in highly hyperglycemic NOD mice, but no significant changes in fiber size. There was a reduction of intraepidermal nerve fibers, more pronounced in NOD than in ICR diabetic mice. Interestingly, aldose reductase and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) activities were increased already at 1 week of hyperglycemia, persisting until the end of the experiment in both strains. Muscle and nerve reinnervation was delayed in diabetic mice following sciatic nerve crush, being more marked in NOD mice. Thus, diabetes of mid-duration induces more severe peripheral neuropathy and slower nerve regeneration in NOD than in ICR mice. © 2011 Peripheral Nerve Society.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-227
JournalJournal of the Peripheral Nervous System
Volume16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2011

Keywords

  • PARP activity
  • aldose reductase activity
  • diabetic neuropathy
  • nerve regeneration
  • non-obese diabetic mice

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