Comparative study of micronucleus assays and dicentric plus ring chromosomes for dose assessment in particular cases of partial-body exposure

Mariana E. Mendes, Julyanne C.G. Mendonça, Joan F. Barquinero, Manuel Higueras, Jorge E. Gonzalez, Aida M.G. Andrade, Laís M. Silva, Alyne M.S. Nascimento, Julianne C.F. Lima, Júlio C.G. Silva, Suy Hwang, Ana M.M.A. Melo, Neide Santos, Fabiana F. Lima

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2019, Copyright © 2019 Taylor & Francis Group LLC. Purpose: The goal was to compare the micronucleus (MN) and dicentric plus ring chromosomes (D + R) assays for dose assessment in cases of partial body irradiations (PBI). Materials and methods: We constructed calibration curves for each assay at doses ranging from 0 to 5 Gy of X-rays at dose rate of 0.275 Gy/min. To simulate partial-body exposures, blood samples from two donors were irradiated with 0.5, 1, 2 and 4 Gy and the ratios of irradiated to unirradiated blood were 25, 50, and 100%. Different tests were used to confirm if all samples were overdispersed or zero-inflated and for partial-body dose assessment we used the Qdr, Dolphin and Bayesian model. Results: In our samples for D + R calibration curve, practically all doses agreed with Poisson assumption, but MN exhibited overdispersed and zero-inflated cellular distributions. The exact Poisson tests and zero-inflated tests demonstrate that virtually all samples of D + R from PBI simulation fit the Poisson distribution and were not zero-inflated, but the MN samples were also overdispersed and zero-inflated. In the partial-body estimation, when Qdr and Dolphin methods were used the D + R results were better than MN, but the doses estimation defined by the Bayesian methodology were more accurate than the classical methods. Conclusions: Dicentric chromosomes continue to prove to be the best biological marker for dose assessment. However exposure scenarios of partial-body estimation, overdispersion and zero-inflation may not occur, it being a critical point not only for dose assessment, but also to confirm partial-body exposure. MN could be used as alternative assay for partial-body dose estimation, but in case of an accident without any information, the MN assay could not define whether the accident was a whole-body irradiation (WBI) or a PBI.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1058-1071
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Biology
Volume95
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Aug 2019

Keywords

  • Dicentrics
  • micronucleus
  • partial-body estimation
  • zero-inflation

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