Comparative study of Escherichia coli virulence determinants in strains causing urinary tract bacteremia versus strains causing pyelonephritis and other sources of bacteremia

Eva Moreno, Irene Planells, Guillem Prats, Ana M. Planes, Gina Moreno, Antonia Andreu

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61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To assess the role of phylogenetic background and putative virulence factors (VFs) in Escherichia coli causing urinary bacteremia, 50 strains isolated from this condition were compared with 50 strains isolated from pyelonephritis and 50 from other sources of bacteremia. papA and papGII were significantly more prevalent in urinary bacteremia and pyelonephritis (78%, 66% and 70%, 58%) than in other-source bacteremia (48% and 24%), whereas sfa/focDE and cnf1 were more prevalent in urinary-source bacteremia (56% and 44%) than in pyelonephritis and other-source bacteremia (28%, 42% and 20%, 28%). Group B2 was the most frequent in all conditions (63% of isolates) and exhibited the greatest concentration of VFs. Urinary tract bacteremia, pyelonephritis, and other-source bacteremia isolates presented similar virulence scores (7.8, 7.0, and 6.6); however, there were striking differences among the phylogenetic groups (8.7 in group B2 versus 3.4 in group A; P < .001). Group A and B1 strains almost exclusively infected compromised hosts. © 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-99
JournalDiagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Volume53
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2005

Keywords

  • Bacteremia
  • Compromise status
  • Escherichia coli
  • Phylogenetic groups
  • Pyelonephritis
  • Virulence factors

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