Pneumonia is a very frequent infection in pediatrics and is almost always community acquired. The etiology varies with age with predominance of the virus in the first 2-3 years of life and Mycoplasma pneumoniae after this age with presence of pneumococcus at all ages. It is difficult to establish the etiological diagnosis and this is almost never available at the time when treatment must be decided upon so that the therapeutic decisions must almost always be empirical. Age, characteristics of the clinical picture and radiological images generally make it possible to suspect which are the possible causal microorganisms and orient the antibiotic treatment of choice in each case. To do so, the antimicrobial sensibility patterns of pneumonia responsible bacteria must be known.
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2000|