Common features in the unfolding and misfolding of PDZ domains and beyond: The modulatory effect of domain swapping and extra-elements

Javier Murciano-Calles, Jofre Güell-Bosch, Sandra Villegas, Jose C. Martinez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PDZ domains are protein-protein interaction modules sharing the same structural arrangement. To discern whether they display common features in their unfolding/misfolding behaviour we have analyzed in this work the unfolding thermodynamics, together with the misfolding kinetics, of the PDZ fold using three archetypical examples: the second and third PDZ domains of the PSD95 protein and the Erbin PDZ domain. Results showed that all domains passed through a common intermediate, which populated upon unfolding, and that this in turn drove the misfolding towards worm-like fibrillar structures. Thus, the unfolding/misfolding behaviour appears to be shared within these domains. We have also analyzed how this landscape can be modified upon the inclusion of extra-elements, as it is in the nNOS PDZ domain, or the organization of swapped species, as happens in the second PDZ domain of the ZO2 protein. Although the intermediates still formed upon thermal unfolding, the misfolding was prevented to varying degrees.
Original languageEnglish
Article number19242
JournalScientific Reports
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jan 2016

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