Commercial spray-dried porcine plasma does not transmit porcine circovirus type 2 in weaned pigs challenged with porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus

Joan Pujols, Cristina Lorca-Oró, Ivan Díaz, Louis E. Russell, Joy M. Campbell, Joe D. Crenshaw, Javier Polo, Enric Mateu, Joaquim Segalés

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19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate if spray dried porcine plasma (SDPP) containing porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) genome supplemented in feed could transmit PCV2 to pigs challenged with porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV). Twenty-three PRRSV-free pigs, non-viraemic for PCV2, were housed in bio-safety level 3 facilities and assigned to four groups in a 2×2 factorial design consisting of PRRSV challenge and a negative control. The diet contained 0 or 8kg SDPP per 100kg of feed. PRRSV challenge groups were inoculated intranasally with 2mL of a suspension containing 10 6 TCID 50/mL PRRSV. The SDPP used in the study contained 7.56×10 5 PCV2 genome copies per gram. Dietary treatments were fed from 4days prior to PRRSV inoculation until 28days post-inoculation (PI).All challenged pigs developed PRRSV viraemia by day 3. PI and PRRSV antibodies were detected in sera by day 14. PI, with no difference between diet treatments. Neither PRRSV viraemia nor seroconversion was observed in non-challenged pigs. PCV2 was not detected in the serum of any pigs throughout the experimental period. SDPP containing the PCV2 genome supplemented in feed did not result in PCV2 transmission to either healthy or PRRSV-infected pigs under these experimental conditions. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)-
JournalVeterinary Journal
Volume190
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2011

Keywords

  • Pigs
  • Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2)
  • Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV)
  • Seroconversion
  • Spray-dried porcine plasma (SDPP)

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