Combined use of tissue Doppler imaging and natriuretic peptides as prognostic marker in asymptomatic aortic stenosis

Miquel Gomez Perez, Mireia Ble, Mercedes Cladellas, Lluis Molina, Joan Vila, Alexandra Mas-Stachurska, Laura Higueras-Ortega, Julio Marti-Almor

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Abstract

© 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd Introduction Tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and N-terminal-pro-Brain Natriuretic Peptide (NT-proBNP) provides useful non-invasive information about left ventricle filling pressures and both have demonstrated to be a prognostic marker in some valve disease as aortic stenosis (AS). Objectives To assess the clinical value of combined TDI and NT-proBNP information in asymptomatic AS patients. Material and methods Prospective study of 350 initially asymptomatic moderate to severe AS patients with: Mean aortic valve area 0.8 (0.3) cm2, mean gradient 45(13) mm Hg, ejection fraction 61 (9) %. Mean age: 74.6 (4.3) years. In all patients were determined NT-proBNP in the serum and TDI parameters the lateral mitral annulus. We considered clinical event the admission in the hospital due to symptoms related to AS (angina, heart failure or syncope) as well as surgical treatment or mortality. Results After a mean follow-up of 29 (10) months, 165 (47%) patients suffered some clinical event. In order to predict clinical events, Bootstrap analysis determined the best cut-point value: E/E′ ratio higher than 13 and NT-proBNP higher than 515 pg/mL. E/E′ ratio provides more specificity (78.9% vs 55.9%) and NT-proBNP provides more sensitivity (76.6% vs 43.7%). Combined use of both parameters provides the best prognostic information (sensitivity 75.6%, specificity 67.2%, negative predictive value 82.1%, positive predictive value 57.5%, accuracy 71.4%). Conclusion Combined use of TDI and natriuretic peptides information provides incremental prognostic value and is a useful tool to predict the prognosis in asymptomatic AS patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)890-894
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume228
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017

Keywords

  • Aortic stenosis
  • Natriuretic peptides
  • Tissue Doppler imaging

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    Gomez Perez, M., Ble, M., Cladellas, M., Molina, L., Vila, J., Mas-Stachurska, A., Higueras-Ortega, L., & Marti-Almor, J. (2017). Combined use of tissue Doppler imaging and natriuretic peptides as prognostic marker in asymptomatic aortic stenosis. International Journal of Cardiology, 228, 890-894. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.11.144