The limitations to assess dental enamel remineralization have been overcome by a methodology resulting from the appropriate combination of synchrotron radiation-based techniques on both, infrared microspectroscopy and micro X-ray diffraction, with the help of specific data mining. Since amelogenin plays a key role in modulating the mineralization of tooth enamel, we propose a controlled ion release for fluorapatite structural ions (Ca2+, PO43-, and F-, also including Zn2+) by using weak acid and weak base ion-exchange resins in the presence of amelogenin to remineralize the surface of etched teeth. This combination provides the necessary ions for enamel remineralization and a guide for crystal growth due to the protein. Remineralized tooth samples were analyzed by applying the indicated methodology. The synchrotron data were treated using principal component analysis and multivariate curve resolution to analyze the mineral layer formed in the presence and absence of amelogenin. The remineralizing treatment created a fluorapatite layer free of carbonate impurities and with a similar orientation to that of the natural enamel thanks to amelogenin contribution.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 5 Apr 2022|