Collisional equilibrium, particle production, and the inflationary universe

Winfried Zimdahl, Josep Triginer, Diego Pavón

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32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Particle production processes in the expanding universe are described within a simple kinetic model. The equilibrium conditions for a Maxwell-Boltzmann gas with variable particle number are investigated. We find that radiation and nonrelativistic matter may be in equilibrium at the same temperature provided the matter particles are created at a rate that is half the expansion rate. Using the fact that the creation of particles is dynamically equivalent to a nonvanishing bulk pressure we calculate the back reaction of this process on the cosmological dynamics. It turns out that the `adiabatic’ creation of massive particles with an equilibrium distribution for the latter necessarily implies power-law inflation. Exponential inflation in this context is shown to become inconsistent with the second law of thermodynamics after a time interval of the order of the Hubble time. © 1996 The American Physical Society.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6101-6110
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Volume54
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1996

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    Zimdahl, W., Triginer, J., & Pavón, D. (1996). Collisional equilibrium, particle production, and the inflationary universe. Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology, 54(10), 6101-6110. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.54.6101