Cohabitation in Brazil: Historical legacy and recent evolution

Albert Esteve, Ron J. Lesthaeghe, Julián López-Colás, Antonio López-Gay, Maira Covre-Sussai

Research output: Chapter in BookChapterResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


© The Author(s) 2016. The availability of the micro data in the IPUMS samples for several censuses spanning a period of 40 years permits a detailed study of differentials and trends in cohabitation in Brazil than has hitherto been the case. The gist of the story is that the historical race/class and religious differentials and the historical spatial contrasts have largely been maintained, but are now operating at much higher levels than in the 1970s. During the last 40 years cohabitation has dramatically increased in all strata of the Brazilian population, and it has spread geographically to all areas in tandem with further expansions in the regions that had historically higher levels to start with. Moreover, the probability of cohabiting depends not only on individual-level characteristics but also on additional contextual effects operating at the level of meso-regions. The rise of cohabitation in Brazil fits the model of the “Second demographic transition”, but it is grafted onto a historical pattern which is still manifesting itself in a number of ways.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCohabitation and Marriage in the Americas: Geo-Historical Legacies and New Trends
Number of pages28
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

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