Cognitive profiles of three clusters of patients with a first-episode psychosis

Susana Ochoa*, Elena Huerta-Ramos, Ana Barajas, Raquel Iniesta, Montserrat Dolz, Iris Baños, Bernardo Sánchez, Janina Carlson, Alexandrina Foix, Trinidad Pelaez, Marta Coromina, Marta Pardo, Judith Usall

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: The primary objective was to identify specific groups of patients with a first-episode psychosis based on family history, obstetric complications, neurological soft signs, and premorbid functioning. The secondary objective was to relate these groups with cognitive variables. Method: A total of 62 first-episode psychoses were recruited from adult and child and adolescent mental health services. The inclusion criteria were patients between 7 and 65. years old (real range of the samples was 13-35. years old), two or more psychotic symptoms and less than one year from the onset of the symptoms. Premorbid functioning (PAS), soft signs (NES), obstetric complications and a neuropsychological battery (CPT, TMTA/TMTB, TAVEC/TAVECI, Stroop, specific subtest of WAIS-III/WISC-IV) were administered. Results: We found three clusters: 1) higher neurodevelopment contribution (N = 14), 2) higher genetic contribution (N = 30), and 3) lower neurodevelopment contribution (N = 18). Statistical differences were found between groups in TMTB, learning curve of the TAVEC, digits of the WAIS and premorbid estimated IQ, the cluster 1 being the most impaired. Conclusions: A cluster approach could differentiate several groups of patients with different cognitive performance. Neuropsychological interventions, as cognitive remediation, should be addressed specifically to patients with more impaired results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-156
Number of pages6
JournalSchizophrenia Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2013


  • Cluster analysis
  • Family history
  • First-episode psychosis
  • Neurodevelopment
  • Neuropsychology


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