Coercivity and squareness enhancement in ball-milled hard magnetic-antiferromagnetic composites

J. Sort, J. Nogués, S. Suriñach, J. S. Muñoz, M. D. Baró, E. Chappel, F. Dupont, G. Chouteau

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104 Citations (Scopus)


The room-temperature coercivity, Hc, and squareness, MR/MS (remanence/saturation magnetizations), of permanent magnet, SmCo5 powders have been enhanced by ball milling with antiferromagnetic NiO (with Néel temperature, TN = 590 K). This enhancement is observed in the as-milled state. However, when the milling of SmCo5 is carried out with an antiferromagnet with TN below room temperature (e.g., for CoO, TN = 290 K), the coercivity enhancement is only observed at low temperatures after field cooling through TN. The ferromagnetic-antiferromagnetic exchange coupling induced either by local heating during milling (SmCo5 + NiO) or field cooling (SmCo5 + CoO) is shown to be the origin of the Hc increase. © 2001 American Institute of Physics.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1142-1144
JournalApplied physics letters
Publication statusPublished - 20 Aug 2001


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