C/N <inf>0</inf> estimators for high-sensitivity snapshot GNSS receivers

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4 Citations (Scopus)


© 2018, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature. We address the problem of estimating the carrier-to-noise ratio (C/N0) in weak signal conditions. There are several environments, such as forested areas, indoor buildings and urban canyons, where high-sensitivity global navigation satellite system (HS-GNSS) receivers are expected to work under these reception conditions. The acquisition of weak signals from the satellites requires the use of post-detection integration (PDI) techniques to accumulate enough energy to detect them. However, due to the attenuation suffered by these signals, estimating their C/N0 becomes a challenge. Measurements of C/N0 are important in many applications of HS-GNSS receivers such as the determination of a detection threshold or the mitigation of near-far problems. For this reason, different techniques have been proposed in the literature to estimate the C/N0, but they only work properly in the high C/N0 region where the coherent integration is enough to acquire the satellites. We derive four C/N0 estimators that are specially designed for HS-GNSS snapshot receivers and only use the output of a PDI technique to perform the estimation. We consider four PDI techniques, namely non-coherent PDI, non-quadratic non-coherent PDI, differential PDI and truncated generalized PDI and we obtain the corresponding C/N0 estimator for each of them. Our performance analysis shows a significant advantage of the proposed estimators with respect to other C/N0 estimators available in the literature in terms of estimation accuracy and computational resources.
Original languageEnglish
Article number122
JournalGPS Solutions
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018


  • C/N estimation 0
  • HS-GNSS receiver
  • PDI techniques
  • Weak GNSS signals


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