Clustering Gambling Disorder Patients with Lotteries as a Preferred Form of Gambling

Rosario Granero Perez, Daniela León Vargas, Virginia Martín Romera, Fernando Fernandez-Aranda, Teresa Mena-Moreno, Amparo Del Pino-Gutierrez, Ester Codina, Monica Gomez Peña, Laura Moragas, Maria Neus Aymamí, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Zaida Agüera, Cristina Vintró-Alcaraz, M Lozano-Madrid, Gemma Casalé, José Manuel Menchón, Jiménez-Murcia, Susana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Few studies have focused on the specific subtype of gamblers who present lotteries as their main gambling problem. This study aimed to explore empirical subgroups of treatment-seeking patients who endorsed lotteries as their preferred form of gambling. The sample included n = 342 patients who were included in two-step cluster analysis procedures using sociodemographic and clinical measures as indicator variables. Three clusters were identified: (a) Cluster 1 (labeled as “severely impaired young men”, n = 108, 31.6%) included mainly single young men that were employed, with short disorder duration, high gambling severity and high levels of comorbid psychopathology; (b) Cluster 2 (labeled as “moderate severity and highly functional”, n = 120, 35.1%) included patients that were middle-aged, highly educated, married, employed, with high socioeconomic position indexes and functional personality traits; and (c) Cluster 3 (labeled as “older, moderately impaired patients”, n = 114, 33.3%) included older patients, the highest percentage of separated or divorced subjects, high unemployment, low socioeconomic status and low levels of education. This study indicates that gambling disorder profiles characterized by lotteries as a preferred form of gambling constitute a heterogeneous group in which distinct, empirically based phenotypes can be identified. These factors should be taken into account for the development of reliable assessment instruments and for the design of effective prevention and treatment programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)999-1011
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Gambling Studies
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Mar 2020

Keywords

  • Clustering
  • Gambling disorder
  • Lotteries
  • Personality
  • Psychopathology
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk Factors
  • Gambling/psychology
  • Self-Assessment
  • Male
  • Behavior, Addictive/psychology
  • Patients
  • Young Adult
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Reward
  • Cluster Analysis
  • ADHD
  • RELIABILITY
  • IMPULSIVITY
  • VALIDITY
  • OLDER-ADULTS
  • CLASSIFICATION ACCURACY
  • IV DIAGNOSTIC-CRITERIA
  • SYMPTOMS
  • NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL PERFORMANCE

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