Clinical trial on the effect of tranexamic acid on bleeding and fibrinolysis in primary hip and knee replacement

J. Alvarez, F. J. Santiveri, M. I. Ramos, L. Gallart, L. Aguilera, L. Puig-Verdie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2019 Sociedad Española de Anestesiología, Reanimación y Terapéutica del Dolor Background: Tourniquet-induced ischaemia could increase fibrinolysis and enhance tranexamic acid (TXA) efficacy in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) compared to total hip arthroplasty (THA). The aims of this study are to compare the effect of TXA on bleeding and fibrinolysis in both types of surgery, and to record thromboembolic complications. Methods: A prospective double-blind study was conducted on patients scheduled for TKA or THA who received TXA (2 bolus of 10 mg/kg) or placebo. Bleeding and fibrinolysis were evaluated. Doppler-ultrasound and computed tomography were performed in order to assess any thromboembolic complications. Results: A total of 44 patients were included (11 THA and 11 TKA treated with TXA; 11 THA and 11 TKA as controls). Blood losses were significantly lower in the TXA group (mean 921 mL vs 1,383 mL in THA and 969 mL vs 1,223 mL in TKA), and no transfusions were needed with TXA, whereas 5 blood units were transfused in controls. TXA was equally effecting in reducing bleeding in both surgeries (33% in THA and 21% in TKA). The significant mean increase in D-dimers from baseline to 6 hours after surgery (1,004 ug/L to 10,284 ug/L in THA and 571 ug/L to 6,480 ug/L in TKA) was attenuated by TXA (1,077 ug/L to 2,590 ug/L in THA and 655 ug/L to 2,535 ug/L in TKA). There were no differences in thromboembolic episodes. Conclusions: Prophylactic use of tranexamic acid is equally effective in reducing bleeding in TKA and THA. Both surgeries have a similar effect on fibrinolysis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-306
JournalRevista Espanola de Anestesiologia y Reanimacion
Volume66
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019

Keywords

  • Blood-coagulation
  • Blood-loss
  • Blood-transfusion
  • Hip replacement
  • Knee replacement
  • Thrombosis

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