Clinical significance of upper airway dysfunction in motor neurone disease

E. Garcia-Pachon, J. Marti, M. Mayos, P. Casan, J. Sanchis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background - To assess the occurrence, functional characteristics and prognostic value ofupper airway dysfunction in motor neurone disease, 27 patients unselected for respiratory symptoms were studied. Methods - Upper airway function was evaluated by analysis of the maximal flow-volume loop. Neurological diagnosis was established from the clinical history and physical examination. The degree of impairment was quantified by the Appel score. Results - Twelve patients (group A) showed abnormalities of the maximal flow-volume loop consistent with flow limitation (seven patients) or instability of upper airway function (gross oscillations of airflow, five patients). The remaining 15 patients (group B) exhibited a normal or generally reduced maximal flow-volume loop, suggestive of muscle weakness. No differences were observed between groups in general physical condition, rate of disease progression, or duration of disease. Conclusions - Upper airway dysfunction in patients with motor neurone disease was a frequent finding. It was present more often, but not exclusively, in patients with bulbar features and was unrelated to prognosis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)896-900
JournalThorax
Volume49
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1994

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