Clinical outcome after discontinuation of maintenance Electroconvulsive Therapy. A retrospective follow-up study

Erika Martínez-Amorós, Pilar Serra, Ximena Goldberg, Lara Urraca, Diego J. Palao, Mikel Urretavizcaya, Narcís Cardoner

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2019 SEP y SEPB Introduction: Continuation and maintenance electroconvulsive therapy (c/m-ECT) is a therapeutic option after an acute ECT course. Although it is widely used, both duration and the outcome of patients when ECT-c/m is discontinued is not yet well established. The aim of the study was to evaluate the recurrence rate and associated clinical factors when c/m-ECT is discontinued. Materials and methods: Retrospective evaluation of 73 patients who were discontinued from c/m-ECT. The minimum evaluation time was one year. The need of hospital admission or a new acute course of ECT was considered a relapse. The recurrence rate was calculated as a percentage and the estimated time to recurrence was analyzed through a survival analysis. Possible associations between clinical variables and recurrence were analyzed by univariate and multivariate Cox analysis. Results: Thirty-six patients (49.3%) relapsed: 61.1% of them relapsed during the first year after the c/m-ECT discontinuation (36.1% during the first 6 months). The estimated time to recurrence was 38.67 months. Fifty percent of patients who relapsed required a new acute course of ECT and 44.4% of them restarted c/m-ECT. Patients with an interval between sessions of less than one month and those with more previous episodes showed a higher risk of recurrence. Conclusions: The risk of recurrence should be considered before the discontinuation of c/m-ECT. After the discontinuation, almost half of the patients relapsed, most of them within the first year. Close monitoring should be conducted in these patients and the discontinuation is not recommended when it is administered at intervals between sessions of less than a month. Further studies are required to identify risk groups for relapse.
Original languageEnglish
JournalRevista de Psiquiatria y Salud Mental
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Continuation and maintenance
  • Electroconvulsive therapy
  • Recurrence
  • Relapse

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