Clinical Manifestations and Outcomes of Syphilis-associated Uveitis in Northern Spain

Alex Fonollosa, Lorea Martinez-Indart, Joseba Artaraz, Agustin Martinez-Berriotxoa, Koldo Agirrebengoa, Miriam Garcia, Leire Lopez-Soria, Manuel Sorribas, David Diaz-Valle, Ricardo Blanco, Javier Rueda-Gotor, Alfredo Adan, Victor Llorenç, Miguel Cordero-Coma, Laura Distefano, Antonio Segura, Ana Blanco

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    16 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    © 2016 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Purpose: To describe the clinical characteristics and to assess visual prognosis of patients with syphilis-associated uveitis in northern Spain.Methods: Retrospective review of clinical records in eight general uveitis referral centers.Results: Since the year 2000, 50 patients have been diagnosed: 31 men and 19 women; median age was 41 (19-76) years. A total of 34% were co-infected with HIV and 24% presented systemic manifestations of syphilis. Median initial visual acuity and vision at last visit in 93 affected eyes was 20/50 (20/20-20/2000) and 20/22 (20/20-20/2000), respectively (p <.0001). The most frequent manifestation was papillitis (33.3%). Fifty percent of eyes with macular edema on admission presented worsening of visual acuity at last visit, whereas frequency of worsening in eyes without edema was 7.1% (p = 0.009).Conclusions: In our series, patients with syphilitic uveitis were more usually middle-aged men and were frequently co-infected with HIV. Although most patients showed posterior segment involvement, visual prognosis was good.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)147-152
    JournalOcular Immunology and Inflammation
    Volume24
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 3 Mar 2016

    Keywords

    • HIV
    • MSM
    • syphilis
    • Treponema pallidum
    • uveitis

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