Clinical Features of Gambling Disorder Patients with and Without Food Addiction: Gender-Related Considerations

Mikel Etxandi, Isabel Baenas, Lucero Munguía, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Roser Granero, Mónica Gómez-Peña, Laura Moragas, Amparo Del Pino-Gutiérrez, Ester Codina, Bernat Mora-Maltas, Eduardo Valenciano-Mendoza, Marc N Potenza, Ashley N Gearhardt, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Susana Jiménez-Murcia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Although food addiction (FA) is a debated condition and it is not currently recognized as a formal diagnosis, it shares features with other addictions, such as gambling disorder (GD). However, the prevalence of FA in GD and the clinical correlates are incompletely understood, especially within women versus men. To investigate FA in patients presenting with GD. The sample included 867 patients diagnosed with GD (798 males and 69 females) attending a specialized behavioral addictions unit. FA was observed in 8.3% of GD patients (18.8% of women, 7.4% of men). More psychopathology and harm avoidance, greater body mass indices and less self-directedness and cooperativeness were associated with FA. In women, FA was associated with a longer GD duration. In men, FA was associated with earlier GD onset, greater GD and problematic alcohol use severities. Among patients with GD, FA was associated with more psychopathology and gambling patterns suggestive of more protracted or severe GD. Screening for and addressing FA condition in patients with GD may help optimize preventive and therapeutic approaches. Future studies should consider testing guidelines to improve healthy eating habits, increase physical exercise and better manage stress and other negative emotions in order to target FA in GD.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Gambling Studies
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 28 Sep 2021

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