Clinical Feasibility of Large Gastrotomy Closure Using a Flexible Tissue Glue Based on N-Butyl-2-Cyanoacrylate: Experimental Study in Pigs

Francisco Espin Alvarez, Anna M. Rodríguez Rivero, Jordi Navinés López, Elena Díaz Celorio, Jordi Tarascó Palomares, Luís Felipe del Castillo Riestra, Iva Borisova, Jaime Fernández-Llamazares, Pau Turon Dols, Joan Francesc Julián Ibáñez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2018, The Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract. Background: The use of synthetic adhesives such as cyanoacrylates has been established previously for a wide range of clinical indications. However, more research is necessary to evaluate their use in digestive closures or anastomosis. New chemical formulations developed to achieve more flexibility of synthetic adhesives (i.e., based on n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate) could be an alternative to achieve this purpose. The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of using flexible cyanoacrylate adhesives for large gastric incision closure in an animal model. Methods: Twelve farm pigs were divided in two groups depending on the type of closure method applied. In all cases, extra-large seven centimeters gastrostomies were performed. Braided absorbable hand-sewn interrupted suture versus n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate with softener closure were compared during a 3-week follow-up period. Histopathological aspects, hematologic and inflammatory biomarkers, and endoluminal pressure tolerated until leakage were assessed. The time spent on both closing procedures was compared. Results: No differences between the two groups were found in any of the histopathological and inflammatory variables evaluated. The glued group tolerated a significantly higher pressure than the manual suture group. A reduction of surgery time was also observed. Conclusions: Our results suggest that flexible cyanoacrylates could be a feasible alternative to improve the clinical outcome of the closure of hollow viscera through more efficient sutureless procedures.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-255
JournalJournal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Volume23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2019

Keywords

  • Anastomotic leak
  • Cyanoacrylates
  • Gastrotomy
  • General surgery
  • Histoacryl
  • Surgical anastomosis
  • Tissue glue

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