Clinical evaluation of pimecrolimus eye drops for treatment of canine keratoconjunctivitis sicca: A comparison with cyclosporine A

Ron Ofri, George N. Lambrou, Ingrid Allgoewer, Uwe Graenitz, Teresa M. Pena, Bernhard M. Spiess, Elisabeth Latour

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20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of pimecrolimus oil-based eye drops in alleviating the clinical signs of keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) in dogs and to compare the efficacy with that of cyclosporine A (CsA) ointment. An open-label, multicenter study enrolling 44 dogs previously untreated with CsA was conducted. Dogs were randomly assigned to a treatment group and medicated twice daily for 8 weeks. After that time the mean increase (±SEM) in the Schirmer tear test was 9.2 ± 1.6 mm/min in the pimecrolimus group and 5.8 ± 1.1 mm/min in the CsA group (P = 0.085). The improvement in clinical signs of inflammation in eyes treated with pimecrolimus was significantly greater than in eyes treated with CsA (P = 0.02). The results show that 1% pimecrolimus oily eye drops are as safe as and more effective than CsA ointment in controlling KCS in dogs. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-77
JournalVeterinary Journal
Volume179
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009

Keywords

  • Cyclosporine A
  • Dog
  • Dry eye
  • Keratoconjunctivitis sicca
  • Pimecrolimus

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