Clinical and prognostic implications of delirium in elderly patients with non–ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes

Miquel Vives-Borrás, Manuel Martínez-Sellés, Albert Ariza-Solé, María T. Vidán, Francesc Formiga, Héctor Bueno, Juan Sanchís, Oriol Alegre, Albert Durán-Cambra, Ramón López-Palop, Emad Abu-Assi, Alessandro Sionis

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    7 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    ©2019 JGC All rights reserved; www.jgc301.com. Background Elderly patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTE-ACS) may present delirium but its clinical relevance is unknown. This study aimed at determining the clinical associated factors, and prognostic implications of delirium in old-aged patients admitted for NSTE-ACS. Methods LONGEVO-SCA is a prospective multicenter registry including unselected patients with NSTE-ACS aged 80 years. Clinical variables and a complete geriatric evaluation were assessed during hospitalization. The association between delirium and 6-month mortality was assessed by a Cox regression model weighted for a propensity score including the potential confounding variables. We also analysed its association with 6-month bleeding and cognitive or functional decline. Results Among 527 patients included, thirty-seven (7%) patients presented delirium during the hospitalization. Delirium was more frequent in patients with dementia or depression and in those from nursing homes (27.0% vs. 3.1%, 24.3% vs. 11.6%, and 11.1% vs. 2.2%, respectively; all P < 0.05). Delirium was significantly associated with in-hospital infections (27.0% vs. 5.3%, P < 0.001) and usage of diuretics (70.3% vs. 49.8%, P = 0.02). Patients with delirium had longer hospitalizations [median 8.5 (5.5-14) vs. 6.0 (4.0-10) days, P = 0.02] and higher incidence of 6-month bleeding and mortality (32.3% vs. 10.0% and 24.3% vs. 10.8%, respectively; both P < 0.05) but similar cognitive or functional decline. Delirium was independently associated with 6-month mortality (HR = 1.47, 95% CI: 1.02-2.13, P = 0.04) and 6-month bleeding events (OR = 2.87; 95% CI: 1.98-4.16, P < 0.01). Conclusions In-hospital delirium in elderly patients with NSTE-ACS is associated with some preventable risk factors and it is an independent predictor of 6-month mortality.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)121-128
    JournalJournal of Geriatric Cardiology
    Volume16
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2019

    Keywords

    • Acute coronary syndromes
    • Delirium
    • Prognosis
    • The elderly

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