Climate change and interconnected risks to sustainable development in the Mediterranean

Wolfgang Cramer, Joël Guiot, Marianela Fader, Joaquim Garrabou, Jean Pierre Gattuso, Ana Iglesias, Manfred A. Lange, Piero Lionello, Maria Carmen Llasat, Shlomit Paz, Josep Peñuelas, Maria Snoussi, Andrea Toreti, Michael N. Tsimplis, Elena Xoplaki

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

    557 Citations (Scopus)


    © 2018, Springer Nature Limited. Recent accelerated climate change has exacerbated existing environmental problems in the Mediterranean Basin that are caused by the combination of changes in land use, increasing pollution and declining biodiversity. For five broad and interconnected impact domains (water, ecosystems, food, health and security), current change and future scenarios consistently point to significant and increasing risks during the coming decades. Policies for the sustainable development of Mediterranean countries need to mitigate these risks and consider adaptation options, but currently lack adequate information — particularly for the most vulnerable southern Mediterranean societies, where fewer systematic observations schemes and impact models are based. A dedicated effort to synthesize existing scientific knowledge across disciplines is underway and aims to provide a better understanding of the combined risks posed.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)972-980
    JournalNature Climate Change
    Issue number11
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2018


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